بررسی تاثیر اسپری نانوفیبرسلولز و نانوکیتوزان بر روی خواص کاغذ چاپ و تحریر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکده مهندسی چوب و کاغذ، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، گرگان، ایران

2 دانش آموخته دکتری صنایع خمیر و کاغذ، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، گرگان، ایران

چکیده

این تحقیق با هدف بررسی یک سیستم تجربی (اسپری) برای پوشش‌دهی نانوفیبرسلولز / نانوکیتوزان بر روی کاغذهای چاپ و تحریر به منظور بهبود ویژگی‌های ممانعتی و مکانیکی انجام شده است. نتایج آنالیزهای FE-SEM نشان داد که قطر متوسط نانوفیبرسلولز و نانوکیتوزان به ترتیب 10±28 و 10±40 نانومتر می‌باشد. جهت پوشش‌دهی کاغذ از نانوفیبرسلولز در 2 سطح (2 و 4 درصد) و نانوکیتوزان در 2 سطح (5/0 و 1 درصد) استفاده و با شرایط ثابت اسپری مانند زمان اسپری (20 ثانیه) و فاصله اسپری (20 سانتی‌متر) بر روی کاغذها اعمال و برخی ویژگی‌های آن طبق آئین‌نامه TAPPI اندازه‌گیری شد. نتایج نشان داد پوشش‌دهی نانوفیبرسلولز/ نانوکیتوزان به روش اسپری می‌تواند ویژگی‌های ممانعتی و مکانیکی کاغذ چاپ و تحریر را بهبود دهد. به‌طور کلی استفاده از این سیستم پوشش‌دهی می‌تواند با داشتن مزایای بهتر از روش پوشش‌دهی میله‌ای در ارتقاء کاغذهای چاپ و تحریر دارای قابلیت-های بالقوه باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


[1] Mirmahdi, S., Luiza Cafalchio de Oliveira, M., Ricardo, P., Hein, G., Vilela Dias, M., Isabel Grígoli de Luca Sarantópoulos, C. and Henrique Denzin Tonoli, G., 2018. Spraying cellulose nanofibrils for improvement of tensile and barrier properties of writing & printing (W&P) paper. Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology, 38:1-13.

[2] Tatari, A. and Shekarian, E., 2014. The Importance of cellulose derivatives in producing biodegradable films for food packaging, packaging. Packaging Science and Technologies, 5(19):22-31. (In Persian).

[3] Ghaderi, M., Mousavi, M., Yousefi, H. and Labbafi, M., 2014. All-cellulose nanocomposite film made from bagasse cellulose nanofibers for food packaging application. Carbohydrate Polymers, 104:59-65.

[4] Mazhari Mousavi, M., Afra, E., Tajvidi, M., Bousfield, D. W. and Dehghani-Firouzabadi, M., 2017. Cellulose nanofiber/carboxymethyl cellulose blends as an efficient coating to improve the structure and barrier properties of paperboard. Cellulose, 24(7):3001-3014.

[5] Mazhari Mousavi, M., Afra, E., Tajvidi, M., Bousfield, D. W. and Dehghani-Firouzabadi, M., 2018. Application of cellulose nanofibril (CNF) as coating on paperboard at moderate solids content and high coating speed using blade coater. Progress in Organic Coatings, 122:207-218.

[6] Sun, X., Wu, Q., Zhang, X., Ren, S., Lei, T., Li, W., Xu, G. and Zhang, Q., 2018. Nanocellulose films with combined cellulose nanofibers and nanocrystals: tailored thermal, optical and mechanical properties. Cellulose, 25(2):1103-1115.

[7] Dufresne, A. 2013. Nanocellulose: a new ageless bionanomaterial, Materials today, 16(6):220-227.

[8] Lavoine, N., Desloges, I., Dufresne, A. and Bras, J., 2012. Microfibrillated cellulose – its barrier properties and applications in cellulose materials: A review, Carbohydrate Polymers, 90:735-764.

[9] Rani, M., Agarwal, A. and Negi, Y.S., 2010. Review: Chitosan based hydrogel polymeric beads - As drug delivery system. BioResources, 5(4):2765-2807.

[10] Tuyserkani H. and Sedaghat, F., 2011. Chitin and chitosan: structure, properties and applications. Iranian Journal of Aquatic Ecology, 2(3):26-40. (In Persian).

[11] Long, Z., Wu, M., Peng, H., Dai, L., Zhang, D. and Wang, J., 2015. Preparation and oil-resistant mechanism of chitosan/cationic starch oil-proof paper. BioResources, 10(4):7907-7920.

[12] Xu, K., Chen, T., Zheng, Z., Huang, S., Li, K. and Zhong, T., 2015. Effects of natural chitosan as biopolymer coupling agent on the pyrolysis kinetics of wood flour/polyvinyl chloride composites. BioResources, 10(3):4903-4912.

[13] Zheng, X., Yin, Y., Jiang, W., Xing, L. and Pu, J., 2015. Synthesis and characterization of low molecular weight chitosan. BioResources, 10(2):2338-2349.

[14] Abdollahi, M., Rezaei, M. and Farzi, G., 2011. Preparation and evaluation of properties of biodegradable Nanoclay chitosan Nanocomposites for application in food packaging. Iranian Journal of Food Science and Technology, 7(1):71-79. (In Persian)

[15] Chen, Z., Li, C., Song, Z. and Qian, X., 2014. Modification of precipitated calcium carbonate filler for papermaking with adsorption of cationically derivatized chitosan and carboxymethyl chitosan. BioResources, 9(4):5917-5927.

[16] Vaz, J. M., Pezzoli, D., Chevallier, P., Campelo, C.S., Candiani, G. and Mantovani, D., 2018. Antibacterial coatings based on chitosan for pharmaceutical and biomedical applications. Current pharmaceutical design, 24(8):866-885.

[17] Chang, A.K.T., Frias Jr, R.R., Alvarez, L.V., Bigol, U.G. and Guzman, J.P. M.D., 2019. Comparative antibacterial activity of commercial chitosan and chitosan extracted from Auricularia sp. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 17:189-195.

[18] Hassan, E.A., Hassan, M.L., Abou-Zeid, R.E. and El-Wakil, N.A., 2016. Novel nanofibrillated cellulose/chitosan nanoparticles nanocomposites films and their use for paper coating. Industrial Crops and Products, 93:219-226.

[19] Souza, A.G., Kano, F.S., Bonvent, J.J. and Rosa, D., 2017. Cellulose nanostructures obtained from waste paper industry: A comparison of acid and mechanical isolation methods, Materials research, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-5373-MR-2016-0863.

[20] Danial, W.H., Majid, Z.A., Muhid, M.N.M., Triwahyono, S., Bakar, M.B.,and Ramli, Z., 2015. The reuse of wastepaper for the extraction of cellulose nanocrystals. Carbohydrate Polymer, 118:165–169.

[21] Hadilam, M.M., Afra, E., Ghasemian, A. and Yousefi, H., 2014. Preparation and properties of ground cellulose nanofibers. Journal of wood and forest science and technology, 20(2):139-149. (In Persian).

[22] Fendler, A., Villanueva, M.P., Gimenez, E. and Lagarón, J.M., 2007. Characterization of the barrier properties of composites of HDPE and purified cellulose fibers. Cellulose, 14(5):427-438.

[23] Hamada, H. and Mitsuhashi, M., 2016. Effect of cellulose nanofibers as a coating agent for woven and nonwoven fabrics. Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, 31(2):255-260.

[24] Afra, E., 2006. Properties of paper: An introduction, Aiij Publications, 392 p. (Translated In Persian).

[25] Yousefi, H., Faezipour, M., Hedhazi, S., Mazhari Mousavi, M., Azusa, Y. and Heidari, A.H., 2013. Comparative study of paper and nanopaper properties prepared from bacterial cellulose nanofibers and fibers/ground cellulose nanofibers of canola straw. Industrial Crops and Products, 43:732-737.

[26] Ashori, A., Harun, J., Zin, W.M. and Mohd. Yusoff, M.N., 2006. Enhancing dry-strength properties of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) paper through chitosan. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 45(1):125-129.

[27] Afra, E., Yousefi, H., Hadilam, M.M. and Nishino, T., 2013. Comparative effect of mechanical beating and nanofibrillation of cellulose on paper properties made from bagasse and softwood pulps. Carbohydrate Polymers, 97:725-730.

[28] Kumar, V., Elfving, A., Koivula, H., Bousfield, D. and Toivakka, M., 2016. Roll-to-roll processed cellulose nanofiber coatings. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 55(12):3603-3613.

[29] Nazari, B. and Bousfield, D.W., 2016. Cellulose nanofibers influence on properties and processing of paperboard coatings. Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, 31(3):511-520.

[30] Chattopadhyay, D.  and Inamdar, M.S., 2013. Improvement in properties of cotton fabric through synthesized nano-chitosan application. Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research, 38:14-21.